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Gustav Stickley (1858-1942),  an architect and furniture maker was the leader of the American Craftsman movement. He designed homes that were constructed in harmony with the landscape, with open floor plans and large groupings of windows to bring in light. His hand made furniture was characterized by a severely plain and rectilinear style, visually enriched by expressed structural features and warm wood tones. He was fond of the grand simplicity of the old Spanish missions in California and his furniture, often called "Mission Oak" became the American manifestation of the British Arts and Crafts movement. His architecture and furniture exerted a significant influence on the work of Frank Lloyd Wright.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh, (1868-1928) Scottish architect, furniture designer, and artist, gained wide recognition in the 1890's and 1900's for his unorthodox craftwork and furniture. His furniture was remarkable for its lightness, elegance and originality, exemplified by furnishings in The Willow Tea Rooms,  (Glasgow 1896-1904). His high-back dining chair, with a large oval at the top  is one of his best known furniture designs. In the last decade of his life he was largely forgotten, and it was not until the Arts and Crafts revival of the 1970's that his work became fully appreciated. He is now revered as a giant of the Arts & Crafts Movement and Britain's first designer of Art Nouveau architecture.
 
George Mann Niececken (1878-1945), a Milwaukee architect and artist, collaborated with Frank Lloyd Wright's on interior design. Their collaboration included the Dana House (Springfield, IL 2004), the Coonley House (Riverside, IL 1907), the May House (Grand Rapids, MI 1908), the Robie House (Chicago 1909), Frederick Bogk House (Milwaukee 1916) and others. In some cases it appears that Wright left the furniture design  largely to Niedecken. Many of their collaborative furniture designs were made by his Milwaukee firm, Niedecken & Walbridge. 

Frank Lloyd Wright (1878-1959) promoted organic architecture and integration of houses with the landscape, exemplified by his famous house Fallingwater (1937). He was a leader of the Prairie School, best exemplified by the Robie House (Chicago 1909). He also designed offices, hotels (the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, 1916) skyscrapers ("The Illinois", 1956, a mile-high skyscraper for Chicago that was not built) and museums (The Guggenheim, NY City, 1959). He designed many interior elements of his buildings, including furniture, stained glass, light fixtures, murals, and other decorative items. He was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time".

Among the famous artists and architects of the Arts and Crafts Movement whose furniture has been an inspiration for me are the four profiled below: Gustav Stickley, Frank Lloyd Wright, Geoge Mann Niedecken and Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Although influenced by their artistry, I have relied only on visual images of their work in creating my own designs. The choices of materials, dimensions, proportions, details of construction, and finishes are entirely my own.

Artists and Architects of the Arts and Crafts Movement

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